What is Team Development and its 5 Stages Explained

Guest UsersKeep meeting notes in one place by bringing everyone you work with – vendors, clients, agencies – into Fellow. MeetingsBuild collaborative agendas, record notes and action items in real-time, and never forget what was discussed. Once a person answered all the questions, pick another person, and repeat the activity. Now, ask them to open their eyes and assume that they have only 2 minutes left in their life. Then, each person must share which life moment they want to relive along with the reason.

Stages of Group Development – City of Boise

Stages of Group Development.

Posted: Thu, 12 Sep 2019 19:29:47 GMT [source]

Stagnation is always worse than conflict — instead of maintaining a facade of politeness, it’s crucial that you identify your problems, analyze them, AND talk about them. They’re also sad that they won’t get to see each other on a regular basis, as they’ve grown quite close. They know exactly which team member to call to help with each type of problem that arises in the project. Team members have grown fully accustomed to each other’s workflows. They respect and acknowledge each other’s skills, talents, and experience.

Why are the stages of group development important?

Though a team leader’s first instinct may be to play peacekeeper and sidestep an argument, navigating conflict resolution is an essential step in a team’s growth. Learning how to handle dissonance early strengthens a team and readies teammates to overcome more complex challenges with grace. Skipping this crucial development stage can stunt a team’s growth and delay true harmony. It involves a challenging yet critical transition from the laid-back forming stage.

Even though members of the team might have learnt to accept each other, conflicts can still occur occasionally. How much more a team which comprises individuals from different backgrounds and environments where each individual has its own peculiarities and differences. Also, consider breaking down the team’s large goals into smaller ones so the team can focus on accomplishing the smaller ones first before concentrating on the bigger ones thereafter. Different individuals with different personalities begin to emerge. Individual personalities emerge and feelings of frustration and anger begin to set in.

forming stage of team development

The team can consult this record when future problems arise and make adaptations as needed. Your teams will soon learn that conflict is not to be feared, and that they have the tools to find a productive compromise. Choose a project management software that lets you plan the entire project and assign deadlines and responsibilities so everyone can see what tasks need to be accomplished. Sometimes also called the termination, mourning, or ending stage, most, if not all, of the goals of the team have been accomplished. The project as a whole is being wrapped up and final tasks and documentation are completed. As the workload becomes smaller, it’s common for team members to be taken off the assignment and delegated to a new project.

Set A Clear Purpose And Mission And Revisit It Throughout The Process

There should also be a sense of comfort in the norming stage when giving constructive feedback through online forms, or asking for help as you work through various tasks. In this stage, although the team is formed, its members haven’t fully adopted the team’s attributes. In other words, the individuals belong to a group physically, but not mentally. The reason is the members didn’t either know or connect with each other yet. So, they would be trying to know more about their colleagues such as attitudes, behavior, etc.

forming stage of team development

If your team has reached this stage, you’re on a clear path to success. You have a mature, well-organized group now fully-focused on reaching the project goals established in the Forming stage. To illustrate the 5 stages of team development, let’s look at the example of Daisy, Adam, Daniel, Mark, and Stella. The 5 of them are neighbors and they just moved to the countryside. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group.

The 5 Stages of Team Development

These tools may include team development discussions, training, or workshops. Engaging team development benefits the team in a number of ways. Individual members of a team learn more about their personal potential, duties, and work dynamically within the team. Conversely, team development acquaints each member with the talents and roles of other members. This combination of internal and external reflection strengthens communication, productivity, and well-being within the team. Almost all teams lack one or more of these criteria at some point in their tenure.

Of course, you can only move on to this more pleasant stage if you’ve addressed and answered all the vital questions from the previous, Storming Stage. They’ll split the gardening fees equally, but they’ll split the final products based on the number of people in their families, and their needs. Stella takes a back seat in their discussions as she’s generally a more laid back person, and is fine with whatever they decide. Yet, Daniel wants her opinion about the broccoli, and she’s expected to pitch in with the discussion about splitting the vegetables.

Lots of tools offer free trials, so use that time to experiment and check its compatibility with other products you use. By starting with a free trial, you have the freedom to learn as much as possible about the product before committing to it. With remote teams, it’s easy to run on assumptions until you’re almost up against a deadline — and then you discover that you didn’t get the outcome you needed.

What is the most important stage of team development?

To do this, encourage your team members to engage in constant communication with one another. Even though identical twins are no different from each other in terms of physical appearances, they are very likely to have different characters, orientation and personalities. It is generally known and accepted that no two individuals are exactly alike no matter how similar they might look. This way, the team’s progress will be visible to the team members.

  • As the team begins to move towards its goals, members discover that the team can’t live up to all of their early excitement and expectations.
  • At the end of the day, you’re all working towards a common goal, to get there, you need a foundation built on listening to what the others on the team have to say.
  • The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust.
  • At the storming stage, members will start to feel comfortable around each other, share ideas, and learn how their colleagues operate in a team setting.
  • Since members are still yet to be conversant with their specific roles, there is usually a low level of productivity at this stage.

In the performing stage, there’s a sense of focus, purpose, and alignment from everyone on the team, no matter their role. This is especially useful if you have some people that are working remotely. When conflicts are resolved, it can improve existing processes and bond members together. four stages of team development (Although, it does make the stages easier to remember.) Each is aptly named and plays a vital part in building a high-functioning team. Get the foundational knowledge on creating an employee recognition program that boosts employee engagement and helps them feel valued.

#8. Personal Trivia

Team learning is a behavioral process of seeking, gathering, discussing, and implementing methods of team success. Whether through training, group initiative, or innovative leadership, team learning is an action step that ensures healthy team development. Ultimately, undergoing the five stages of team development sets your team up for success.

Some groups are explicitly created for one project that has an endpoint while others are ongoing. It’s crucial to ascertain the level of development your team is in before you begin the project with them. Feedback is critical to improving your team’s performance while navigating through the five stages. In this regard, consider ending each meeting with constructive and insightful feedback to enhance the group process.

This article will show you all about 5 stages of team development described in the model and tell you what to do in each. When a new team forms, it concerns itself with becoming oriented. It tests to discover the boundaries of interpersonal and task behavior. At the same time, the members are establishing dependency relationships with leaders, fellow team members, or any standards that existed when the group formed. The behaviors of orientation, testing, and dependence become the process called Forming. Establishing ground rules from the get-go ensures they get followed as the group moves from one stage to the next.

forming stage of team development

The internal competitions prevalent at the storming stage have been rooted out. As a result, the team works more efficiently because members understand what’s expected of them and know how to share their ideas and seek feedback. They also need to streamline competition and ensure the projects they’re handling stay on track.


He conducted many researches into the theory of group dynamics and published his ‘Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing’ model in 1965. He and doctoral student Mary Ann Jense later added a fifth stage, Adjourning, in the 1970s. The FiveStages of Team Development were developed by psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965. These five stages advance as a team works together, but especially when a team brings awareness to their dynamic. Get to know them and understand their strengths, what motivates them and what may trigger negative responses.

Let’s say your team is working on a project to make it easier for users to navigate your product. You’ll need a copywriter for your content, an analyst to track and interpret the data you collect, a designer https://globalcloudteam.com/ for website and app updates, and possibly a product manager. Have an all-hands meeting to introduce all of these players, including remote team members , so everyone knows where to go for answers.

What should leaders do at this time?

The first stage of Bruce Tuckman’s Team development model is known as Forming. The reason is this stage sets the foundation for the overall success of a group. Storming is the most difficult and unproductive of the five stages of development, but it is nevertheless vital to the team development process.

Members must work to overcome challenges, accept individual differences, and resolve disagreements on team responsibilities and objectives in order to go through this stage. According to Forbes, The storming phase is the most challenging and important to go through. Conflict and rivalry are prevalent throughout this time as unique personalities start to develop. Have productive meetings your team can be proud of with a clear meeting agenda for every event in your calendar. In this stage, the team comes together for the first time, and members get to know each other.

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